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中考英语考纲词汇(G~ H)
2022-08-11 01:06
本文摘要:Ggame[ɡeɪm] n. 游戏;运动;角逐garden [ˈɡɑːd(ə)n] n. 花园,果园gate [ɡeɪt] n. 大门general [ˈdʒenər(ə)l] a. 大要的;笼统的;总的in general 总的说来;大要上In general her work has been good, but this essay was bad. 总的说来,她的作品不错,不外这篇文章糟透了。

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Ggame[ɡeɪm] n. 游戏;运动;角逐garden [ˈɡɑːd(ə)n] n. 花园,果园gate [ɡeɪt] n. 大门general [ˈdʒenər(ə)l] a. 大要的;笼统的;总的in general 总的说来;大要上In general her work has been good, but this essay was bad. 总的说来,她的作品不错,不外这篇文章糟透了。generally adv. 普各处;大要地The plan was generally welcomed.该计划广受接待。gentleman [ˈdʒent(ə)lmən] n. 绅士;先生geography [dʒɪˈɔɡrəfɪ] n. 地理学German [dʒɜːmən] a. n 德国(人)的,德语的,德语,德国人Germany[ˈdʒɜːməni] n. 德国get(got, got) [ɡet] vt. 成为;获得;具有;到达I hope that I can get a decent job with a good salary我希望有一份既体面,收入又高的事情。

get back 退还,送回去,取回,返回,回到某地,回复某人(电话,信笺等)You’d better get back home and get the books back.你最好回家把书取回来。The ship got back to the port yesterday. 船昨天回到了码头。

get close (to) 靠近get in 进入, 收获,到达The train got in late. 火车到站晚点了。The farmers are getting the crops in. 农民们正在收割庄稼。

get in the way 故障get off 下车We will get off at the next bus stop . 我们将在下一站下车。get on 上车I get on the train every moning at 6:30.我天天早晨六点半上火车。

get on/along (well)with 和……相处(很好)How are you getting along with your classmates?你和你的同学相处的如何?get the first/second place 获得第一名/第二名This time he got the first place in the exam. 这次他考试得了第一名。get up 起床,起身Get up early or you’ll be late for school. 快点起床,否则你上学晚了。

get to 到达He just got to Beijing. 他刚刚到达北京。get out 出去;脱离get out of 从……出来You should get out of your room.你应该从房间里出来。get over 克服;恢复;原谅She can’t get over shyness.她克服不掉羞怯感。

gift [ɡɪft] n. 礼物;赠品a birthday gift 生日礼物giraffe[dʒɪˈrɑːf; (US) dʒəˈræf] n. 长颈鹿girl [ɡɜːl] n. 女孩give(gave, given) [ɡɪv] vt. 给;递给;支付;给予I asked my teacher to give me some advice on how to get along with others.我请求老师在如何与人相处方面给我一些建议。give … a hand 助……一臂之力,给……资助Could you give me a hand with these boxes?你能帮我搬箱子吗?give…a ring/call 给……打电话give away 免费送出;赠送He gave away most of his money to charity.他把大部门钱都捐赠给慈善事业了。give back 送还Could you give me back my pen? 你把那支笔还给我好吗?give birth to 生(孩子)She gave birth to a girl last night. 昨晚她生了一个女孩。

give in 上交;呈交;屈服;让步Please give your exam papers in to your teacher when you finished.考卷答完后请上交给老师。She’s a brave player, she never gives in. 她是个勇敢的选手,从不屈服。give out 分发;散发The teacher gave out the test papers. 老师发了考卷。give up 放弃,停止Can’t you give up smoking? 你岂非就不能戒烟吗?glad[ɡlæd] a. 兴奋的;乐意的I’m glad to hear he’s feeling better. 听说他身体好些了,我很兴奋。

glass [ɡlɑːs; (US) ɡlæs] n. 玻璃杯;玻璃;(复)眼镜a glass of water 一杯水(pl.) glasses 眼镜a pair of glasses 一副眼镜glove [ɡlʌv] n. 手套a pair of gloves 一副手套glue n. 胶水mend a broken cup with glue 用胶粘补破杯glue two pieces of wood together 将两块木头粘合在一起go (went, gone) [ɡəʊ] vi. 去;走go ahead 走在前面,领先;干吧,干下去—May I start now? 我现在可以开始吗?—Yes, go ahead. 可以,开始吧。go away 走开Don’t go away. I’ll be back in a minute.别走开,我马上回来。go by (指时间)已往;消逝As time goes by my memory seems to get worse.随着时间的流逝,我的影象力似乎越来越差了。

go in for 到场His brother doesn’t go in for sports. 他弟弟没有到场运动。go fishing (shopping, skating) (去)钓鱼(买工具,溜冰)go for a walk 去散步go off (闹铃)闹响,脱离,爆炸This morning my alarm clock didn’t go off. 今天早晨我的闹钟没响。go on 继续(说/做)下去go on with 继续Who knows what’s going on here?有谁知道这里发生了什么事?go over 温习,仔细检查Let’s go over the lesson again.让我们把作业再温习一遍。go straight along 沿着……一直往前走Go straight along the street and take the second turning on the left.沿着街道向前走,在第二个拐弯处左拐。

go through 查阅;浏览I always start the day by going through my email.我总是天天一早就查阅我的电子邮件。gold [ɡəʊld] n.a. 黄金;金的;黄金的a gold medal 金牌win a/the gold 获得金牌good [ɡʊd] a. 好;良好be good at 擅长,善于He is good at drawing. 他擅长绘画。be good for 对……有利益Practice is good for our health. 磨炼有益于康健。be good to 对……好The old man is always not so good to foreign visitors.这老人对外国游客的态度一直欠好。

cheap goods 自制货物cotton goods 棉织商品goodbye (bye-bye) [ɡʊd-baɪ] int. 再见;再会government [ˈɡʌvənmənt] n. 政府grade [ɡreɪd] n. 品级;(中小学的)学年;结果,分数grammar [ˈɡræmə(r)] n. 语法granddaughter [ˈɡrændɔːtə(r)] n. (外)孙女grandma=grandmother [ˈɡrænmɑː, ˈɡrændmʌðə(r)] n. 奶奶;外婆grandpa=grandfather [ˈɡrænpɑː, ˈɡrændfɑːðə(r)] n. 爷爷;外公grandparent [ˈɡrændpeərənts] n. 祖父(母);外祖父(母)grandson [ˈɡrændsʌn] n. (外)孙子grape [ɡreɪp] n. 葡萄a bunch of grapes 一串葡萄grape juice 葡萄汁grass [ɡrɑːs; (US) ɡræs] n. 草;草场;牧草great [ɡreɪt] a.ad. 伟大的;重要的;好极了;(口语)好极了,很好Great Lake 五大湖(加拿大及美国之间的五个湖的总称)green [ɡriːn] a.n. 绿色的;青的;绿色green pepper n. 青椒grey[ˈɡrei] a. 阴沉的,灰色的,昏暗的ground[ɡraʊnd] n. 地面group [ɡruːp] n. 组,群a group of girls 一群女孩子a newspaper group 报业团体grow(grew, grown) [ɡrəʊ] v. 生长;发育;种植;酿成The crops in the field are growing well.田里的庄稼长势很好。grow up 成年,长成I want to be a doctor when I grow up.我长大后想当医生。guard [ɡɑːd] n. 警戒;掩护装置guess [ɡes] vi. 猜Can you guess her age/how old she is?你能猜出她的年事吗?I guess that she is over forty.我猜她已过四十了。

guest [ɡest] n. 客人;来宾He invited her to be his guest for the evening at the theatre.他邀请她晚上去看戏。guide [ɡaid] n.v. 指南,向导,入门书;引导,领导a tour guide 导游I know the place well, so let me be your guide.我熟悉那地方,我来当你们的向导。

I guided him to his seat. 我把他领到他的座位上去。guitar [ɡɪˈtɑː(r)] n. 吉他gun [ɡʌn] n. 枪;炮Look out, he has got a gun!小心,他拿着枪呢!Hhabit[ˈhæbɪt] n. 习惯;习性be in/fall into/get into the habit of doing sth. 有(养成)做某事的习惯He is not in the habit of drinking a lot. 他不习惯于多喝酒。

I’ve got into the habit of turning on the TV as soon as I get home.我已养成了一抵家就打开电视的习惯。hair [heə(r)] n. 头发hair band 发带hair clip 发卡haircut n. 剃头;发型That’s a nice haircut. 谁人发式很漂亮。

You should have a haircut. 你该剃头了。half [hɑːf; (US) hæf] a.& n. 半,一半,半个I divided the apples into halves. 我把苹果分成两半。half past one 一点半hall [hɔːl] n. 大堂;礼堂;礼堂in the hall 在大厅hamburger [ˈhæmbɜːɡə(r)] n. 汉堡包hand [hænd] n. 手;指针hand in 交上来The teacher asked the students to hand in their papers.老师叫学生将试卷交上来。

hand out 分发;发放They are having out emergency things. 他们正在分发紧迫物品。handbag [ˈhændbæɡ] n. 女用皮包;手提包handsome[ˈhænsəm] a. 英俊的hang(hung/hanged,hung/hanged绞死) [hæŋ] v. 悬挂;吊着;把……吊起hang out (俚语)闲逛;闲荡happen [ˈhæpən] vi. (偶然)发生You'll never believe what happened to me today at school.你永远不会相信我今天在学校发生的事。sth. happen to sb. 某人发生某事If anything happens to him, let me know. 如果他发生什么事,就通知我。happen to do 碰巧;恰巧;恰好She happened to be out when he called. 他打电话是,她恰好不在家。

词义辨析:happen/take placehappen 指偶然发生的或未经计划的。The accident happened at about 9:30.事故发生在9点30分左右。

take place 表现一定性的“发生”或者是计划摆设好“举行”。Great changes have taken place in my home town recently. 最近我的家乡发生了庞大的变化。happy[ˈhæpɪ] a. 幸福的;快乐的,兴奋的hard [hɑːd] ad.a. 努力地;使劲;猛烈地0.硬的;难题的;艰难的hardly [ˈhɑːdlɪ] ad. 险些不词义辨析:hard/hardly这两个词都是副词,但意思和用法截然差别。

hard 是“努力、、难题”的意思,而hardly 是“险些不”的意思,是否认词。We should work hard to pass the eaxm.我们应该努力学习,通过考试。They could hardly believe the news, could they?他们险些不敢相信这个消息,不是吗?harmful a. 有害的hat [hæt] n. 帽子(一般指有边的);礼帽hate [heɪt] vt & n.. 恨,讨厌I hate cheating in examinations.have (has,had, had) [hæv] vt. 有;吃;喝;举行;经受had better (do) 最好(做)You had better get up early. 你最好早点起床。You’d better not smoke here.你最好不要在这吸烟。

have a cold 患伤风have a good time 玩得很痛快。We had a good time in the park yesterday.我们昨天在公园里玩得很愉快。have classes 上课have on 穿着He has a black coat on today.今天他穿着一件玄色的上衣。have a try 实验,努力Have a try again and then you can get it.再试一次你就能获得它。

have no idea 不知道I have no idea about the accident happened at the street corner.我对发生在街道拐角处的事故一无所知。have to 不得不,必须have got to 不得不;必须近义词辨析:have/there be 都是“有”的意思,区别是:there be 指“某处存有”,例如:There is a map on the wall.墙上有一幅舆图。

而have指“所有,拥有”例如:I have a brother and a sister.我有一个弟弟一个妹妹。he [hiː] pron. 他head [hed] n. 头;头脑(像);才智;首脑;源头;标题My head aches.我头痛。

Use your head. 动动头脑。health [helθ] n. 康健,卫生be in good health= be healthy 身体康健He is healthy. =He is in good health. 他很康健。

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Exercise is good for the health. 磨炼身体有益于身体康健。healthy [ˈhelθɪ](-ier,-iest) a. 康健的;结实的a healthy child 康健的孩子hear(heard, heard) [hɪə(r)] v. 听见;听说,得知I listened carefully but heard nothing.hear about/ of 听说I’ve ever heard of someone doing that.我曾经听说过有人做那种事。

hear from 收到……来信I often hear my old friends. 我经常收到老朋侪的来信。近义词辨析:listen to/hear/soundlisten 强调行动,意思 是“听”,不偏重于效果。

例如:They are listening to the radio.他们正在听收音机。hear 强调效果,意思是“听见”,例如:I listened carefully but heard nothing.我仔细听,却没听到什么。sound 是系动词,意思是“听起来,听上去”,后面接名词、形容词。例如:The news sounds great.这消息听起来很棒。

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heart[hɑːt] n. 心,心脏;纸牌中的红桃heat [hiːt] n. 热heavy [ˈhevɪ] a. 重的How heavy is it? 这个有多重?There will be a heavy rain. 将会有场大雨。height [haɪt] n. 高;高度;海拔What’s the height of the mountain? 这山有多高?He's two meters in height. 他身高两米。

hello (hi) [həˈləʊ] int. 喂;你好(用于打招呼、问候)help[help] n.&vt. 资助,帮助I’d like you to help me with my English.我想你领导我学英语。help oneself to 请随便吃点Help yourself to some fish.请随便吃些鱼吧。help sb. with sth./do sth. 资助某人做某事My sister helps me with my English/study English/to study English.我姐姐帮我学英语。helpful adj.有用的;有益的a helpful person 有用的人helpful [ˈhelpfʊl] a. 有资助的,有益的hen [hen] n. 母鸡her[hɜː(r)] pron. 她(宾格),她的here [hɪə(r)] ad. 这里,在这里;向这里here and there 在各地;各处hero (pl.-es) [ˈhɪərəʊ] n. 英雄;勇士hers pron. 她的(名词性物主代词)herself [hɜːˈself] pron. 她自己hi int. 喂;你好(用于打招呼、问候)hide(hid, hidden) [haɪd] v. 把……藏起来;隐藏She has hidden my book somewhere.The sun was hidden by the clouds.太阳被云遮住了。

high [haɪ] a. 高的;高度的hill [hɪl] n. 小山;丘陵;土堆;斜坡The house is on the side of a hill. 那所屋子坐落在山坡上。him [hɪm] pron. 他(宾格)himself [hɪmˈself] pron. 他自己his [hɪz] pron. 他的history [ˈhɪstərɪ] n. 历史,历史学historical research 历史研究hit(hit, hit) [hɪt] vt. 打,撞,击中The student hit me on the head with a book.这个同学用书打到我的头。She hit me on his head with a book. 她用书打我的头。

I was hit by a falling stone. 我被落下的石头击中了。Her new film is quite a hit. 她的新影片十分乐成。

hobby [ˈhɔbi] n. 业余喜好;奢好hold(held, held) [həʊld] vt. 拿;抱;握住;举行;举行The 29th Olympic Games was held in Beijing.第29届奥运会在北京举行。hold on 等一下;愣住;坚持Hold on a minute while I get my breath back. 停一停,让我喘口吻。They tried to hold on until help arrived. 他们设法坚持住直到有救援到来。

Hold on to your dream.坚持你的梦想。hole n. 洞holiday [ˈhɔlədi] n. 沐日;假期on holiday 在休假He is on holiday this week. 他本周休息。

home[həʊm] n.&ad. 家;家;回家He left home at sixteen. 他十六岁是脱离了家。Is there anybody at home? 有人在家吗?Make yourself at home! 不要羁绊!homeless adj. 无家的;无家可归的He gave all his money to the homeless. 他把所有的钱都给了无家可归的人。hometown[ˈhəʊmtaʊn] n. 家乡homework [ˈhəʊmwɜːk] n. 家庭作业My little brother is doing his homework.我弟弟在做作业。

honest[ˈɔnɪst] a. 老实的;正直的an honest businessman 可靠的商人to be honest 说实话To be honest, I don’t think we have a chance of winning.说实话,我们没有获胜的可能。反义词:dishonesthope [həʊp] n.&v. 希望I hope you can catch the chance to realize your dream.我希望你能抓住这个时机实现梦想。She hopes to have a job overseas.horse [hɔːs] n. 马hospital [ˈhɔspɪt(ə)l] n. 医院go to hospital 去医院I’m going to hospital to visit my friend.我要去医院探望我的朋侪。

in the hospital 在医院He works in the hospital. 他在医院事情。in hospital 生病住院I’ve never been in hospital.我从未住过医院。hot [hɔt,hʌt] a. 热的hotel [həʊˈtel] n. 旅馆,饭馆,宾馆staying at/in a hotel 住旅馆hour [ˈaʊə(r)] n. 小时an hour 一小时The film starts at 7:30 and lasts two hours.影片7:30离开演,演两个小时。

house [haʊs] n. 屋子;住宅I’m going to my aunt’s house. 星期日我要去我姨家。housework [ˈhaʊswɜːk] n. 家务劳动how[haʊ] ad. 怎样,如何;几多;何等however [haʊˈevə(r)] ad.&conj 可是;然而;只管如此You won’t move that stone, however strong you are.不管你力气有多大,也休想搬动那块石头She fell ill. She went to work, however, and tried to concentrate.她病了,然而她照旧去上班,而且努力集中精神事情。

huge [hjuːdʒ] a. 庞大的,庞大的a huge elephant庞大的象Canada is a huge country. 加拿大是个幅员宽大的国家。human [ˈhjuːmən] a.n. 人的,人类的;人类humorous[ˈhjuːmərəs] a. 诙谐的hundred [ˈhʌndrəd] num. 百hundreds of 成百上千的;许多hungry [ˈhʌŋɡrɪ] a. (饥)饿的He died of hunger. 他饿死了。Let’s eat soon — I’m hungry. 咱们早点吃吧—我饿了。

hurry [ˈhʌrɪ] vi. 赶忙,急遽in a hurry 慌忙地She dressed in a hurry. 她迅速穿好衣服。He was in a hurry to leave.他急于脱离。

hurry up 快点I wish the train would hurry up and come.我希望列车快点开来。hurt(hurt, hurt) [hɜːt] vt. 伤害,受伤;伤人情感What you said has hurt them a lot.你的话深深地伤害了他们。

Are you badly hurt? 你伤得厉害吗?He hurt his back when he fell. 他跌倒是背部受了伤。It hurts when I move my leg. 我的腿一动就疼。

husband [ˈhʌzbənd] n. 丈夫。


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